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What is Prana Pratishtha?What is Prana Pratishtha:

What is Prana Pratishtha: “The word Prana means the vital life force or energy without which the body cannot survive and function. Pratishtha means to fix or establish permanently. So through Pran Pratishtha, the pujari invokes and fixes the Prana, or divine energy, permanently within the Murti, bringing it to life.”

What is Prana Pratishtha: Pran Pratishtha is described in great detail in ancient Sanskrit scriptures like the Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads, and Tantras. According to these sacred texts, the proper consecration of an idol is essential to establishing a link between the divine and the worshippers. As per the scriptures, only a spiritually enlightened individual who has Paramanand residing in every part of his being is eligible to conduct the rituals of Pran Pratishtha. This is because to invoke the Paramatma, or supreme soul within the Murti, the person conducting the rituals must have attained that level of purity and oneness with the divine. The Panchratra Agama Samhita mentions that such a Mahapurush, or great soul, alone is qualified for this important task.What-Is-Prana-Pratistha

What is Prana Pratishtha: Here are the details of the procedures that the Purohit needs to conduct before consecrating the deity and invoking both the divine and spiritual elements., Netra Anvaran to symbolically open its eyes, and more.

1. Karmakutir: Purifying the idol from the artisan’s place

• The idol is touched with Darba grass to remove any negative influences.

The pujari closes the eyes of the Murthi by applying a layer of honey and ghee along with specific mantras. • Two hundred oblations are made with mantras

during this process. • A Nada-Chhadi (Mauli, Kalava, or Kutuka) is tied to the Murthi’s right wrist.

2. Jaladhivas: Checking the completeness and potential damages of the Murthi.

• The Murthi is brought to the Yagna Mandap (the place for performing Yagna).

• It is immersed in water, and the pujari checks for any damages.

• Panchamrut (a mixture of five items) is added to the vessel containing the Murthi.

• The Murthi is covered with a clean cloth.

• Agni Mantras are chanted, and the Murthi is awakened by ringing a bell.

• The Murthi is then wiped dry.

3. Dhanyadhivas: What is Prana Pratishtha?

A layer of dhanya (grains or pulses) is spread on the floor, and the murti is laid supine on the layer of dhanya. The murti is then completely covered with more dhanya, usually rice or wheat grain. This is done to further purify the murti.

4.Ghrutadhivas:

Next, the murti is submerged in cow’s ghee (ghrut), as cow’s ghee is considered to be pure. However, this step is altered on many occasions because a stone or marble murti covered with ghee is highly prone to slipping, resulting in possible damage to the murti. Instead, a piece of cotton wool soaked in ghee is placed on the big toe of the foot of the murti. The murti is again awakened and then placed on a wooden stand.

5. Snapan or Abhishek:

Snapan, or abhishek, is the ritual of bathing a murti with a liquid such as milk or water. This rite is the principal form of purification, involving 108 different types of materials, such as panchamrut, water containing the essence of various fragrant flowers and leaves, water that has been poured over the horns of a cow, and sugar cane juice. One dravya is placed in each pot. 108 pots are placed in front of the murti in three vedhis (groups): the dakshin (south) group has eleven pots; the madhya (middle) group has eleven pots; and the remaining pots are in the uttar (north) group.
The abhishek of the murti is then performed with the contents of each pot. Each dravya has its own special mantra that is recited as abhishek is being performed with that particular pot. Such an extensive assortment of pure substances renders the murti’s immense shakti (power) and purity.

6. Netra Anavaran, the artisan who sculpted the murti, stands behind the murti and holds a mirror in front of the murti’s face.

By looking at the murti’s eyes indirectly, reflected through the mirror, he removes the layer of ghee and honey (from the previous Karmakutir stage of purification) with a gold shalak (needle); this is known as the Netra-anavaran rite. The reason for using the mirror is because once the murti’s eyes are opened, it’s first immensely powerful drashti (vision) should not fall on a human being. Instead, the murti is offered food already arranged in front of it prior to the Netra-anavaran ritual.

7. Shodshopchar: What is Prana Pratishtha?

After wiping the murti dry, it is laid on a new mattress with food and a pot of water for one night’s rest. For sleep, Nidra Devi, Goddess of Sleep, is invoked with ähawan mantras. All through the night, ten brahmin pundits continually perform 200 homas in the yagna, away from the sleeping murti. While the pundits offer ahuti of ghee in the eight directions (ashtädikshu), one drop of ghee is placed in a pot of water. In the morning, water from this pot is sprinkled on the sleeping murti to awaken it while chanting uttishtha mantras.

8. Prana Pratishtha Rites: What is Prana Pratishtha?

Now that the murti has been purified, it is ready to become the home of the divine. It should be noted that the prana pratishtha cannot be performed by just anyone. The Vaihāyasi Samhita (9/28–84, 90) of the Panchratra Agam Shastras states that “one in whose every organ Paramatma resides fully, that pure Mahapurush is eligible to perform prana pratishtha, because it is only he who can invoke Paramatma within his heart into the murti.”What is Prana Pratishtha?

What is Prana Pratishtha: Nyasvidhi is the first step in the prana pratishtha. ‘Nyas’ means touching. Nyasvidhi invokes various deities, such as Brahmä, Indra, Surya, and others, in different parts of the murti. Chanting Paramatma’s bij mantra, and with the wave of the darbha grass and shalākā (golden needle), the rite begins from the head of the murti down to its feet. The Satpurush places his hands a few inches from the murti while pundits chant bij mantras, invoking Paramatma. The divine shakti (power) of Paramatma emanates from the Satpurush and enters the murti.

What is Prana Pratishtha: First, the prana (life breath) enters the murti, followed by the jiva (soul). Lastly, the ten indriyas (senses) are infused into the murti. The Satpurush performs the netra-anavaran rite, ‘opening’ the murti’s eyes, by removing the coating of ghee and honey with a golden shalak. This final rite completes the prana pratishtha. Now Paramatma fully resides within the murti; the murti is no longer termed murti, but instead the deity invoked within the murti, a mahapuja, is performed in the assembly hall, while abhishek is performed of the murti in the garbha gruh. Shrangar (clothes) are offered to the murti after abhishek, and pramukh pujari performs the arti.

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Radhe

By Radhe

He is an extrovert born and raised in Muzaffarpur, Bihar.Writing for him has always been a way to escape from the sequences of the world and be an outcast. He is already a recognised writer of his age.

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